Sperm Donation Process
What The Sperm Donation Process Consists Of
The sperm donation process is not quite the same as the blood donation process. If we are going to be receiving blood that has been supplied by a donor, our only real interest is that the blood is of the right type, and contains nothing harmful, such as the AIDS virus. Beyond that, we care little about the donor's background, sex, race, or physical characteristics, or who the donor is, as all of that is meaningless.
The Quality Of The Sperm Cell Is Paramount - On the other hand, when donated sperm is used to induce pregnancy, the recipient cares a great deal about the donor, even though the donor is usually anonymous, and more often than not by choice. The sperm donation process, while maintaining the anonymity of the donor if desired, requires a great deal of information be gathered about the donor, to the extent that the selection of donors is somewhat limited.
Women, or couples, who cannot have a baby but wish to, certainly want to have a baby that is healthy and will grow up to be a healthy, and hopefully somewhat attractive adult, though the latter can of course never be guaranteed. While many couples willingly and even purposefully adopt children of another race, a sperm recipient usually prefers the sperm come from someone of the same race, not for strictly racial reasons, but due to the fact that having a mixed-race child could lead to questions a parent may not want to have to be continually answering.
The Selection Process - The sperm donation process is normally a screening process not so much designed to always select the "best and brightest" donors, although this usually plays a part, but is more designed to reject those who have or have had certain diseases, or come from families with a history of certain diseases. Intravenous drug users and homosexual men who have had sexual relationships with other men are automatically screened out, as are those who live or have lived among populations where a large number of AIDS cases have been noted or reported. Testing will be done for infectious diseases such as hepatitis, and genetic testing will normally be done to detect any potential for cystic fibrosis. Blood typing will also be done.
Selecting The Best And Brightest - While there is technically no strict age limit, the overwhelming majority of donors selected are young males, typically of around college age. College students are preferred by some sperm donor banks on the theory that college students are most likely to exhibit the greatest degree of intelligence. This is very likely a good theory, although there certainly are exceptions. The family background of sperm donors is important, and a potential donor may be queried about his family history, perhaps going back two or even three generations. This is what some would call a need for "good breeding".
Sperm donors get paid for their time and effort (mostly for their time, as the screening process is extensive and quite often takes several months), and can give more than one semen sample. There is usually a limit as to the number of samples one individual can give, but a student if selected, could for example over a period of time make enough money to pay for a year or two of college.
The sperm donation process itself is simple and straightforward. The sperm is collected in a private room at the sperm bank or collection center, and not brought from the donor's place of residence or from the outside, for obvious reasons.
Relationship Between Biological Father And Child - There are instances, though not many, where a donor does not choose to remain anonymous, although neither the donor or the child will be made aware of their relationship unless the child, who has reached the age of 18, wishes to know who his or her biological father is, and the donor wishes to know who his child is. In any event, a sperm donor has no legal responsibilities towards the child he, though his donated sperm, has fathered.