Septated Cyst

What Is A Septated Cyst?

Septated cysts, as their name suggests are cysts of variable size with separated chambers (divided segments) and thick walls (septa). They can be a mass, but are often partially solid septated (walled) structures or sacs filled with fluid. They can be dangerous but are more often not. Their chief characteristic symptom is abdominal pain and they are most common in women of child bearing age.

During ultrasound imaging the wall of septated cysts (also known as complex) can be seen and/or monitored. These images are used also to determine thickness of the walls as thicker wall linings have been linked to malignancy and/or cancer. As the walls can be clearly seen with this imagery technique they have proved invaluable in accessing potential malignancies.

Depending on what is discovered by the ultrasound, the symptoms and age of the patient the doctor may recommend various tests-blood work, a CT and/or MRI scan in order to be better prepared to make a determination as these types of cysts are fairly normal. Other factors taken into consideration are the nature of a women menstrual cycle including the bleeding patterns and regularity, hormonal imbalances, smoking, infertility and/or cancerous activity.

Since septated cysts of the ovaries (which can occur on or in the ovary) are typically isolated events that resolve on their own, and can occur as well as disappear undetected during a normal menstrual cycle-or during a few menstrual cycles at the most, surgery might not be the appropriate option. Often it is just a matter of prescribing oral contraceptives that will inhibit FSH. This action will stops ovulation, giving the ovaries a rest and generally the cysts disappear.

Septated cysts can form in many parts of the body-common areas are the breasts, kidneys and in and around the ovary/uterus area. There are three types of Septated cysts—dermoid, Endometrionoma and cystadenomas. Though each is different all are distinct in that the first time you know something is wrong you are experiencing pain. Some are in positions where they go several years before the pain is enough for help to be sought.


Septated Dermoid cysts actually begin in the ovarian egg. When removed they have been known to resemble tiny fetuses with hair, limbs and faces. These types are less likely to be malignant but are painful. They can be detected during a routine pelvic examination after pain has been reported.

Endometrian cysts are found outside the uterus can spread at random. Because they are a threat to other organs/ tissues in the surrounding areas they are best removed as soon possible. This can takes place with surgery or through a method of evaluation called laparoscopic to determine if there is a possible method other than surgery. 

Cystadenomas are found in various places and made up of a combination of mucus and liquid. They are responsible for the larger cysts women can develop. Though there is no obvious reason for the development of these cysts a family history (genetics) is somewhat a usual pattern as well as obesity. Another factor may include a weak immune system.

There is little understanding as to why some turn cancerous and some do not; why some need surgery and some never do. The general health of the woman is one possibility which is a good advocator of a lifestyle indicative of good health practices as well as a diet that encourages whole foods, fruits, vegetables and good protein choices (lean meats, fish, soy, legumes and nuts). Just as important is plenty of good, pure water which keeps the system flushed. Exercise-even moderate, keeps circulation at its peak-which in turn keeps cells in their peak.